Located in the heart of the Great Indian Thar Desert, this beautiful glittering city is one of the major Tourists Destination of the flamboyant state Rajasthan. With the yellow colored walls and buildings built up with yellow sand stone and the gold-colored desert that surrounds, Jaisalmer is better regarded as the Golden City. Being the closest city to India- Pakistan Border, it acts as a guard to the Western Rajasthan and India’s Frontier. Named after the founder of the city, Maharawal Jaisal Singh in 1156 AD. With a sect that had one or two notable warriors, Jaisalmer was once the royal seat of Bhatti Rajputs. The extremely glorifying history of Jaisalmer draws back from the history of Rajputanas.
With the construction of the magnificent Jaisalmer Fort on the Trikuta Hills, the founder of the city found Jaisalmer as the most secured location to build a castle. The history of Jaisalmer also includes the myths that states that the Lord Krishna had predicted that a successor of the Yadav clan who would establish a terrifying kingdom a top the Trikuta Hill in Jaisalmer. While his predictions proved themselves as true, Rawal Jaisal established his kingdom on this very hill. While every other old city has a lot to declare with its tales of velour, the unique and mesmerizing architectures and the spirit to hold the glory till date, Jaisalmer is again a city that holds the glory, the untold facts, the tales of history and the most crucial its mesmerizing beauty that captivates the heart of all. With the ethnic culture and pumped up adventure, it is a sublime amalgam of heritage, culture and adventure spooks. Yet a city one must explore.
The Golden city of Jaisalmer is situated in the Southwestern zone of Rajasthan; it happily resides in the southern region of Thar Desert, encircled by Jangladesh region on the north and Marwar region on the east. The Maharajas of Jaisalmer trace their ancestry back to Jaitsimha, the governor of a Yadav Clan, though Deoraj, a well-known prince of the Bhati Clan during the 9th century.
The chief opponents of the Bhati were the Rathor clans of Bikaner and Jodhpur; they used to fight battles for the possession of waterholes and Forts as from early times of existence, the Jaisalmer zone had been criss-crossed by camel caravan trade routes, which linked the northern India and Central Asia with the significant ports of Gujarat on the Arabian Sea Coast of India and hence on to Arabia, Egypt and Persia. In 1156, Rawal Jaisal built his new capital in the form of a mud fort and named it after himself – Jaisalmer.
In 1294, the first Jauhar of Jaisalmer occurred [while the reign of Turkic ruler of Delhi – Alauddin Khalji; he was the second and the most powerful governor of the Khalji dynasty]. As per the local ballads, the Bhatis safeguarded the fort for 8 years during which the forces left outside of the huge walls kept themselves busy attacking the supply lines of the besiegers. By 1294, the besiegers were successful in receiving sufficient reinforcements; they were able to impose a complete blockage of the fort, which in less than no time exhausted the Bhati’s ammunition and Food.
The Bhatis were left with no option but to perform the rite of Jauhar [thousands of women committed suicide and thousands of men threw open themselves at the gates of the Fort and advanced to their death]. During the 15th century, the Bhatis once again reoccupied the site and continued to govern it with some independence.
Jaisalmer is a winter destination; being situated in the arms of Thar Desert makes it a place of heat and sweat. Hence it’s effectively advisable to travel in the peak duration of October to March.
The enticing city of Jaisalmer dressed in the yellowish sandstone, not only serves as home to numerous prominent attractions; it also resides with the friendly company of the various places of stay [from the basic facilities soaked hotels to the luxurious Heritage hotels]. The Jaisalmer Desert festival, the Jaisalmer camp sites, the jeep safaris, the camel rides, the incredible Jaisalmer Fort attracts the attention of a remarkable population of keen travellers belonging to the various parts of this world.
The Golden city of Jaisalmer, situated in the core of Thar Desert is truly mesmerizing. It’s adorned with numerous destinations of great architecture and past. Here are the names of some major attractions, which contributes significantly in the identification of this magical city – the alluring Jaisalmer Fort, Patwon Ki Haveli, Gadisar Lake, the Thar Heritage Museum, Jain Temples etc. 02 days of time is sufficient for one to explore these touristic attractions.
The appealing city of Jaisalmer is blessed with amusement and greatness in abundance; it charmingly stands on a ridge of the yellowish sandstone and is adorned with the ancient Jaisalmer Fort. The city of Jaisalmer was founded in 1156 AD by the Maharawal, Jaisal singh [a Rajput King]. The hill fort of Jaisal shines brighter in the company of the afternoon sunlight.
With years of exploration and transformation, this city in present is one of the major tourist destinations lying in the arms of the princely state of Rajasthan. Jaisalmer is the spot of uniqueness, it’s blessed with the presence of various shopping zones – some to name are: the Pansari Bazaar, the Bhatia Bazaar, the Sadar Bazaar, the Sonaron Ka Baas, Manak Chowk etc.
Here is a list suggesting some of what you can get the best from the shopping alleys of Jaisalmer: ethnic home décor items, traditionally dressed puppets, Authentic silver ornaments, fancy accessories, Silk Fabrics, embroidered cotton clothes, Handicrafts, carpets, footwear, jewellery, turban, mirror worked skirts, blankets, shawls, wooden goods, oil lamps etc.
This ethnic city does its best to preserve every element of greatness of the past; this is what led to the formation of several museums. Here are the names of some prime museums, which preserve the significance of time-worn days: Jaisalmer War Museum| the Jaisalmer Folklore Museum| the Desert culture centre and Museum| the Government Museum etc.
The Jaisalmer Desert Festival plays a major role in displaying the rich culture of this praiseworthy region through the various patterns of artistry. It’s the most popular cultural and colourful event that complements strikingly well with the lively sand of Rajasthan. Numerous competitions are been organized – like the Camel race, the Turban tying completion etc. It’s an annual festival that is celebrated in the month of February [lasts for three days]. Jaisalmer gratefully utilizes this occasion as a platform to showcase the folk dances, songs and music.
The Gair and the fire dance are the two major attractions of this festival. The enthralling city of Jaisalmer is also home to several Jain temples; it also preserves some of the oldest libraries of India, which contain rarest of the manuscripts and artifacts of Jain Tradition. Here are the names of some must-try dishes of Jaisalmer – Gatte Ki Sabzi| Murg-e-subz| Mutton Saag| Dal Baati Choorma| Pyaaz ki Kachori| Ghotua Ladoo| Makhania Lassi| Kadi Pakora| Masala Raita etc.
The enticing city of Jaisalmer embraces the remarkable presence of keen explorers every year; some are pulled by the alluring spots of attraction and some come running with the desire of becoming a part of the notable festival that portrays the best of cultural elements of a particular region. Speaking of which such is this grand festival addressed as the Jaisalmer Desert festival, which is celebrated every year on a greater scale in the month of February [it’s a three-day festival]. This festival hosts various competitive events – like the turban tying competition, the camel races etc; it also brings various artists together dancing on the beats of the folk songs etc.
Hindi and Rajasthani are the official languages [most in use]. Religions practised in this city are Hindu and Muslims:
Hindus – 89.93 per cent
Muslims – 8.20 per cent.
Located in the Trikuta Hills of Jaisalmer, this magnificent fort was constructed by the founder of the city of Jaisalmer, Raja Jaisal in 1156AD. Being one of the largest forts of the world, it is built up with the yellow sand stone that are major reason behind the charm of the fort. A fort that glitters with every single ray of sun that embarks on it, Jaisalmer Fort is better known as the Sonar Quila.
The mesmerizing cluster of five small havelis, Patwon ki Haveli is considered to be one of the largest havelis of Rajasthan. Founded by the Guman Chand, one famous trader of Jaisalmer, the construction was further completed by his sons as it took almost to 55 years to complete. The yellow sand stone built Haveli is a major representative of the royal architectures of bygone area. With one out of the five havelis that has turned into a magnificent museum, it is famous for its fine wall paintings, dazzling Jharokhas, archways and gateways.
The perfect and the best excursion that can be planed around Jaisalmer is in the Sam Sand Dunes that reflects the perfect and traditional culture of Jaisalmer. With some major desert sand adventures, these Sam Sand Dunes also offers the best experience of desert camping. Showcasing the rich heritage of Rajasthan, one can witness the folk performance of dance and music with some fine wine while in the camp.
Constructed by the founder of the city, Raja Jaisal, it is located within a distance of a kilometer from the fort. A man made reservoir, was reconstructed by Maharawal Garsi in 1367AD. With major holy shrines and chattris constructed around the bank of the lake, the people of the desert city are very much depend on this water tank for their water needs.
Situated in the Jaisalmer Fort Campus, these Jain Temples are the major tourist attraction of Jaisalmer. The important religious attractions, these Jain Temples are known for their beautiful yet stunning architectures and intricate carvings. Made up of only yellow sand stone, these temples are a vision to behold.
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