The land of the ancient and extremely antique architecture of temples, Khajuraho is one of the prominent tourist destination of India and of the world for the all the architecture lovers. The land that is known for its temples holds a great historic significance. With the city called Orchha, famous for its forts and temples, both of them reflects the past in a unique way. Being the most important tourist destination of the state of Madhya Pradesh and the country. Depicting some of the fine architectural and art, these ancient temples fascinates the travelers especially the art and architectural enthusiasts within no time.
While Khajuraho is known for its erotic wall carvings, one can see the depiction of nymphs and men with their horses and orgies. The architectural carvings on temples is something that would leave one totally spellbind and awestruck. As the temples reflect magnificent views, almost all sites of Khajuraho are regarded as the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
While as Khajuraho is known only for its temples and sculptures, Khajuraho Temples are also referred to as the Kamasutra Temples. It is believed that the architectures of the temples showcase their relation with the famous book of Vatsyayana’s. Yet the fact remains that they neither had any connection nor they were inspired by the book and so the percentage of the erotic or sexual art is just 10 percent.
With different temples, there are different believes that are maintained by the people of the town. Some natives and legends of the city are proud enough to state that the sculptures and the art carvings are the tantric sexual practices and some other legends quotes them for being a part of the Hindu Tradition and they freely accept sex or Kama as a crucial part of the everyday lives of human. Hence a city that is reflects the open mildness of the people that date back in the 10th century.
The land of alluring antiquities, Khajuraho is magnificent town of the state of Madhya Pradesh reflects the grand historic significance that is showcases in the world famous Temples of the city. The architectural monument that presents the various historic periods houses some of the famous UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The ornate temples are considered to be the dazzling masterpieces that were in the human imagination, artistic creativity, the alluring work of architectures and of course the spirituality that gave the message of peace through eroticism.
While these temples are the masterpieces very well known in the nation, these architectural marvels were built between the AD 900 and 1130 by the Chandella Rulers. As this time tenure came out to be the golden time period of the Chandella rulers, it is said that every Chandella ruler has built at least one temple in their lifetime. Thus this portrays the fact that these magnificent temples are not built by one very ruler. Hence the Temple Building was the known tradition of the rulers of the Chandella Dynasty.
Initially, there were 85 temples that were built on the land of Khajuraho and now, out of those 85 only 25 stands post a lot of preservation, maintenance and care. These architectural marvels of Khajuraho are spread across the area of 9 acres. It is believed that the history that was inked for Khajuraho has its first record of the building of the temple in the account of the Abu Rihan Biruni in 1022 AD and the well known Arab traveler, Ibn Battuta in 1335 AD.
Being the religious capital of Chandella Dynasty, it is believed that Chandella Rulers believed in the presence of religion and culture rather than politics and eventually with the making of these temples, the rulers tried to showcase their belief and thus discriminated the political activities over the religious and cultural activities. Making Khajuraho as their religious and cultural Capital, their political capital was established in Mahoba which lied at a distance of just 60 kilometer from Khajuraho. They constructed large walls around their religious capital that has eight gates. These eight gates were used for entry and exit only. While these gates were flanked by the two date’s trees, Khajuraho got its names as the Khajura - vahika.
As the Chandella Dynasty saw its fall post the 1150 AD, the area was invaded by the Muslim Rulers and their invasion resulted in the destruction, dismaintanance and disbursement of the temples. As the people were forced out of Khajuraho, Muslim rulers did not tolerate any kind of worshiping as they had their ruling policy of ‘intolerance for worship places of other religions’. People left Khajuraho in the belief that with their leaving the city, Muslim Rulers would not bear their attention to their crucial temples and so the temples would remain in safe condition.
As the area was left as it is, the city of Khajuraho and the temples were covered by the forest and they remained covered until the British Engineer T. S. Burt re discovered them.
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