About Khajuraho

About Khajuraho – Orchha : The Architectural Masterpieces

The land of the ancient and extremely antique architecture of temples, Khajuraho is one of the prominent tourist destination of India and of the world for the all the architecture lovers. The land that is known for its temples holds a great historic significance. With the city called Orchha, famous for its forts and temples, both of them reflects the past in a unique way. Being the most important tourist destination of the state of Madhya Pradesh and the country. Depicting some of the fine architectural and art, these ancient temples fascinates the travelers especially the art and architectural enthusiasts within no time.
While Khajuraho is known for its erotic wall carvings, one can see the depiction of nymphs and men with their horses and orgies. The architectural carvings on temples is something that would leave one totally spellbind and awestruck. As the temples reflect magnificent views, almost all sites of Khajuraho are regarded as the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

While as Khajuraho is known only for its temples and sculptures, Khajuraho Temples are also referred to as the Kamasutra Temples. It is believed that the architectures of the temples showcase their relation with the famous book of Vatsyayana’s. Yet the fact remains that they neither had any connection nor they were inspired by the book and so the percentage of the erotic or sexual art is just 10 percent.

With different temples, there are different believes that are maintained by the people of the town. Some natives and legends of the city are proud enough to state that the sculptures and the art carvings are the tantric sexual practices and some other legends quotes them for being a part of the Hindu Tradition and they freely accept sex or Kama as a crucial part of the everyday lives of human. Hence a city that is reflects the open mildness of the people that date back in the 10th century.

The Origin : History of Khajuraho and its Temples :-

The land of alluring antiquities, Khajuraho is magnificent town of the state of Madhya Pradesh reflects the grand historic significance that is showcases in the world famous Temples of the city. The architectural monument that presents the various historic periods houses some of the famous UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The ornate temples are considered to be the dazzling masterpieces that were in the human imagination, artistic creativity, the alluring work of architectures and of course the spirituality that gave the message of peace through eroticism.

While these temples are the masterpieces very well known in the nation, these architectural marvels were built between the AD 900 and 1130 by the Chandella Rulers. As this time tenure came out to be the golden time period of the Chandella rulers, it is said that every Chandella ruler has built at least one temple in their lifetime. Thus this portrays the fact that these magnificent temples are not built by one very ruler. Hence the Temple Building was the known tradition of the rulers of the Chandella Dynasty.

Initially, there were 85 temples that were built on the land of Khajuraho and now, out of those 85 only 25 stands post a lot of preservation, maintenance and care. These architectural marvels of Khajuraho are spread across the area of 9 acres. It is believed that the history that was inked for Khajuraho has its first record of the building of the temple in the account of the Abu Rihan Biruni in 1022 AD and the well known Arab traveler, Ibn Battuta in 1335 AD.

Being the religious capital of Chandella Dynasty, it is believed that Chandella Rulers believed in the presence of religion and culture rather than politics and eventually with the making of these temples, the rulers tried to showcase their belief and thus discriminated the political activities over the religious and cultural activities. Making Khajuraho as their religious and cultural Capital, their political capital was established in Mahoba which lied at a distance of just 60 kilometer from Khajuraho. They constructed large walls around their religious capital that has eight gates. These eight gates were used for entry and exit only. While these gates were flanked by the two date’s trees, Khajuraho got its names as the Khajura - vahika.

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As the Chandella Dynasty saw its fall post the 1150 AD, the area was invaded by the Muslim Rulers and their invasion resulted in the destruction, dismaintanance and disbursement of the temples. As the people were forced out of Khajuraho, Muslim rulers did not tolerate any kind of worshiping as they had their ruling policy of ‘intolerance for worship places of other religions’. People left Khajuraho in the belief that with their leaving the city, Muslim Rulers would not bear their attention to their crucial temples and so the temples would remain in safe condition.

As the area was left as it is, the city of Khajuraho and the temples were covered by the forest and they remained covered until the British Engineer T. S. Burt re discovered them.

The Architectural Marvels : Temples of Khajuraho

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While the temples are famous for its architectures, the art and architecture of the marvels are a matter of great research and creativity of the human natives that attracts the art lovers from all across the globe to visit this magnificent site at least once in their lifetime. Every single structure of temples had different significance to different people.

Every single temple has an upward direction for their structure. As they stand on a high platform their structure is designed as to create the effect of overall lightness and so the design is enhanced by many upright projections. Khajuraho temples always had three compartments those were known as the Ardhamandapa (the Entrance), the Mandapa (the assembly hall) and the Garbha Griha (the sanctum sanctorum). As there were plenty of temples, the temples were divided into three different groups. Eastern, Western and Southern respectively.

In the middle of the green meadows and flowerbeds lies the Western group of temples which includes the major of the World Heritage Sites and houses one of the best and remarkable structures of the temple. The Jagdambi Temple, the Kandariye Mahadeva Temple and the Chirtagupta Temple are the most prominent temples of this group. With the temple of Lord Vishnu which was constructed by the Yasovarman is the most crucial temple of this group.

The Eastern group of Temples includes the temples which are located nearby the Khajuraho Village and includes the prominent temples like the Brahma, Vamana and Javari that are located near Khajuraho Sagar and many other Jain Pilgrimage sites like the Ghantai, Adinath and Parsavanath and located just ahead. The area that was located in south of the Khajuraho Village is considered to be the Southern group and the Daladeo and the Chaturbhuja temples amongst this Southern Group of Temples are very well known.

The Known is better : Khajuraho and Its Tourism

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Khajuraho is well known location of India and is also considered to be one of the most prominent Tourist Destination. Famous for its ancient temples that once went hidden from the eyes of the people are now the biggest fascination for the visitors and travelers of India. Counting on to the thousands and thousands of visitors every year, Khajuraho has been able to make its name popular on the mouth of the people. Well known for its antique architecture of the temples, the architecture marvels of the town are known for its sexual and eroctic carvings that are considered to be unique in its own self.

The town once housed up to 85 temples out of which only 25 remain now. And those temples are dedicated to the Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva, other Gods and the Jain Temples. Every temple showcases extremely antique architecture that includes the sexual and erotic style of carving on the walls. As the ancient people believed that sex or Kama is a part of life, the carvings of the walls of the temples are of a great deal of significance. As the town was the cultural and religious capital of the Chandella Dynasty, the town itself holds an important historic significance.

The architectural marvels of the city are considered to be the very well known all across the globe. The biggest fascination of the art and architecture lovers of the world, Khajuraho Temples plays a very important and crucial role in the books of history, art and architecture. With the magnificent structures and the design of the carving, the creativity of the people of the ancient times can be seen clearly. Yet a place that attracts people from all over the world with its magnificent aura.

Orchha : The Hidden Place

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Orchha is a destination that is somewhat off beat in the perspective of people. Yet the place is known for its architectural marvels that include the forts and temples of this renowned place. Home to the large and small monuments and the story that reveals the tales of the battles fought between the different kings and emperors, Orchha is a destination that comes in route while one is travelling to Khajuraho or Jhansi. Yet a place one shall truly visit on their journey.

With the history that still prevails at this place, Orchha was the former capital of the Bundela Rajput Kingdom. Founded by the Maharaja Rudra Pratap Singh in 1501, the city has been ruled by the Rajput Kings of the Bundela Kingdom. Being frozen since ages, the grandeur of the monuments of the medieval city till today is very well retained. The city that is not in the eyes of the tourists, stood tall after its name for being a hidden place.

The medieval town was divided into three different parts and those are till date the same. The Orchha Fort Complex is the biggest attraction for tourists of this small and hidden town. With the other architectures and designs of the monuments, revolve around the religious aspect and are extremely stunning murals which are extremely bold and colorful.

History of Orchha

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The not so popular city amongst the tourists was founded by the Rudra Pratap Singh in 16th Century. The founder of the city was amongst the Rajput rulers who belonged to the dynasty of Bundela who were the prominent ruler of the Bundelkhand district.

As Bundelas were the ruler of the central India, the founder of the city who was the ruler of Bundela Dynasty at that time made Orchha as the capital of their Empire in 1531. It is believed that the rulers of the Bundela Dynasty have some federation with Mughal Rulers and thus the association resulted in some distress for the Bundela Dynasty. As the Bir Singh Deo who was the ruler of Orchha from 1605 – 1627 has some serious issues with the Mughal Emperor Akbar that resulted in the demolishing the state of Bundelas.

Later with the death of Mughal Emperor Akbar, as his son, Emperor Jahangir came on throne, Mughals and the Bundelas had some good relations with each other that lasted for the next 22 years from 1605 – 1627. Later as Shah Jahan sat on the throne of the Mughal Empire, Bir Singh Deo revolted against him that eventually resulted in a huge distress that was later put down by the next Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. With the defeat of the Bundelas by the Mughals, Bundelas eventually shifted their empire to Tikamgarh in 1783.

How to Reach ? Accessibility to Khajuraho – Orchha

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By Air : Khajuraho houses its own airport which is at a distance of 8 kilometers and the airport is well connected to Delhi and Varanasi.

By Railway : Khajuraho also houses its own railway station that is again connected to Delhi and Varanasi and is located at a distance of just 5 kilometer from the Khajuraho Town. The second option of the railway station is the Satna Railway Station which is approximately 130 kilometers from the town but is very well connected to the cities of the country.

By Road : Khajuraho hosts a wide network of roads that makes the reach to Khajuraho very easy.

What to See ? Attractions of Khajuraho

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Kandariya Mahadev Temple :

The most stunning and alluring temple of Khajuraho, Kandariya Mahadev Temple is famous for its beautiful architecture that includes the dazzling frescos of women in various postures adorning the walls of the temple. Being the finest example of the architectural style of that time period, it was built in the 1025 – 1050 AD.
Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this magnificent temple is an artistically engraved shrine that includes the 800+ images of women and amongst these images, most of them are of almost 3 feet high. Built with a typical sandstone structure, the walls of the temples are full of erotic carvings and a Shivlingam is acknowledged in the center of the Garba Griha.

Kandariya Mahadev Temple, Khajuraho

Lakshman Temple :

Considered to be in the Western group of the temples of Khajuraho, this beautiful shrine is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is home to the beautiful image of the Vaikuntha-Vishnu. Considered to be the finest architecture, the exterior walls of the temples contains images of more than 600 Gods and the stubby platform of the temple called adhisthana creates the base on which the 25.9 meter long Lakshmana Temple stands.

Devi Jagdamba Temple :

With extremely unique architecture stand the temples of the Devi Jagdamba which also regarded as the chef-d’oeuvre. Reflecting the erotic wall carvings on the topmost panel of structures, this shrine is not big in size yet it is considered to be the most magnificent temple because of its creative artistic architectural carvings that it houses.

Dedicated to the Goddess of Universe, the Goddess Jagdamba, this temple is a must-visit place for an art and architectural lover.

Devi Jagdamba Temple, Khajuraho

Dulhadev Temple :

Located in the southern group of temples, Dulhadev or Dulhadeo Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is located at the banks of the Kharau Nala. Built in the 1130, the temple is a example of the pure Chadella Architectural Style. The interiors of the temple house the images and carving of Lord Shiva and his wife, Goddess Parvati. The carvings on the walls contain the jeweler work and the perfect finishing of the other idols. With the decoration of the carvings with Apsaras and the other ornamented sculptures, this temple reflects the creativity and the artistic skills of the labourers.

Dulhadev Temple, Khajuraho

Adninath Temple :

The temple that lies in the eastern group of temples of Khajuraho is a magnificent Jain Temple and is dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankar Adinath who was the founder of Jainism. With the alluring carvings of the Yakshis on the entire walls of the temples, it was built in the 11th century and houses the sura - sundari sculptures that are considered to be the biggest fascination of the travelers for this temple.

Adninath temple, Khajuraho

Attractions of Khajuraho,Orchha

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Orchha Fort :

Located on Island of Betwa River, Orchha Fort is famous for its architecture and the temples and palaces that it houses. The three most crucial palaces that the fort house includes the Jahangir Mahal, Raj Mahal and the Rai Parveen Mahal. The fort is known for its mesmerizing views of the landscapes the palaces that attract visitors and especially the art and architecture lovers.

Orchha Fort, Khajuraho

Chaturbhuj Temple :

Constructed in the 17th century, the temple was founded by the Bundela Rajput Kings. The temple is famous for its architectural carvings and houses the spellbinding craftsmanship of the medieval times. Being a story temple, it is believed that the top views of the temple are stunning, making one completely awestruck and mesmerized.

Chaturbhuj Temple, Khajuraho

Chattris :

Built on the banks of the river Betwa, these 14 Chattris are the symbol of the contributions and inputs of every single ruler of the Bundela Dynasty. Being the symbol of the rich culture and heritage, it reflects the great grand glory and grandeur of the kings and the empire that once lived.

Chattris, Khajuraho

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