Chennai, also called the ‘Gateway of South India’ is the second most populous city; with tremendous cultural and linguistic diversity with approximately 1000 dialects, is one place which is both incredible and intriguing to the visitors. Perched on the magnificent shores of Arabian Sea, the city boasts of its rich historical background. Chennai is also known for the Indian dance form – Bharatnatyam, which is the official dance form of Tamil Nadu. Chennai as a city has the perfect amalgamation of heritage imbibed with fine arts, music, dance form and mouth watering cuisine.
The city of Chennai, before acquiring its present stature was known as Madras in ancient times. The city which is about 400 years old begins its historical journey from the rulers of South India and then going from colonization to development, then acquiring its present stature as a metropolitan city. Chennai at its inception was just a small group of villages. The city was under the governance of the great and well known dynasties of South India such as the Pallavas, Cholas, Pandayas and Vijayanagar Kingdom. With the dawn of 16th century, Chennai started changing to make a history which was a story of conquering territories and colonization. In the year 1522, the first foreign conquerors set foot upon the land of Chennai. The Portuguese entered and made the first port on Chennai – The Sao Tome, after the Christian apostle – St.Thomas. With that the line of foreign conquerors started breaching through the territories of Chennai. In 1612 the Dutch came and settled near Pulicat, which constituted the northern part of the state followed by the East India Company. Madras, derived from Madraspattanam was the area which the East India Company had chosen to settle its trade into and established its factory here in 1639. Along with factories which were set up by Francis Day and Andrew Cogan, a colony was also set up which would work to serve as the headquarters of EIC and got completed in 1640, which today is known as the George’s Fort, and with passing years was built into George town as trade flourished here, marked by overcrowded streets bustling with business which catered to the needs of British market. Then came in the second flow of governance and colonization, The French, and the city along with George fort came under the supremacy of them under the leadership of General La Bourdonnais, the governor of Mauritius who ransacked the city and conquered it. With another turn of events as the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was
signed in 1749, the city again came under the rule of the British.
As the area was bastioned the British established their supremacy which became unquestionable in the city. By the late 18th century the Madras Presidency was established by the British with the inclusion of areas nearby Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
The last wave of turmoil in Chennai ended with India getting its freedom in 1947. The city was declared as the capital of Madras. The name Madras got revamped with the name of Tamil Nadu in the year 1969. The name Chennai was given to the city in August 1996 and thus Chennai got its present stature as it is known today an IIT hub and is also called ‘the Detroit of Asia.’
The best time to visit Chennai is from November to February. The temperature during this time at Chennai is 20 to 25 degree Celsius, which considered to be the most favorable temperature for comfortable travel to Chennai. This is the winter season at Chennai and is best for travel at leisure. Cool breezes from the sea add to the perks of the scenic beauty of the city.
|Chennai Day Tour
Duration: 01 Day
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