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about varanasi

About Varanasi - The Holy Capital of India

In the words of Neem Karoli Baba, “Where all action is prayer. All trees are desire-fulfilling. All water is the Ganga and all land is Varanasi.”

The oldest city of the world, Varanasi, is also known as Benares and Kashi is one of the holiest cities of India. Considered to be the city of Moksha, this 3000 year old city is adobe of Lord Shiva and Parviti and so it is believed that the sins of a person he did in his lifetime will be washed away. And the person would get liberation from the cycle of birth and re-birth. He would receive an ultimate Moksha.

The ultimate pilgrimage spot for Hindus, Varanasi is one of the seven holist cities of and one of the Shakti Pethas and one of the twelve (12) Jyotir Lingas. The words of Mark Twain describes Varanasi as - “Benares is older than history, older than traditions, older even than legend, and looks twice as old as all of them put together.”

The utmost holiest river Ganga seemed to have its origin here from the tresses of Lord Shiva in Varanasi. Sarnath is the location in Kashi that is known for the place where Buddha preached his first sermon post his Enlightment. Being the symbol of Hindu renaissance, knowledge, philosophy, culture, devotion of Gods, Indian art and crafts, Varanasi’ culture has been flourished with past many centuries. Believed to be the birth place of Parsvanath, the twenty-third Tirthankar, and Kashi is also a famous pilgrimage center for Jains.

Also known as the City of Temples, the mesmerizing architectures of the temples of Varanasi are very much fascinating for the travelers and the art lovers. Being a great center of learning and education, Varanasi has always been associated with the encouragement of the spiritualism, mysticism, Sanskrit, yoga and Hindi Language. The famous and well known authors and poets such as the ever famous novelist, Prem Chand and Tulsi Das who wrote the Ram Charit Manas are very well promoted here. Being the Culture Capital of India, the history of Varanasi is never ending.

Apart from just being the holy city, Varanasi is also a famous trade and commercial hub. The finest silk, gold and silver brocades can be found every easily.

Varanasi and It's Tourism


Varanasi is a city that attracts travelers and visitors from not only the nation but all over the world. The tourism of Varanasi is the biggest aspect that reflects the faith and believes of people in this holy city. Apart from the devotees of Shiva and Vishnu, this place is explored by the believers of Buddha and also Jains. The history and art lover get their most nutritional food for their history and art fascinated soul.

Being the spiritual capital of the country, Varanasi attracts millions of pilgrims from every single corner of the world. The whole sole witness of the ancient civilizations that came and went over centuries and centuries, Varanasi till today stands tall and alive, unabashedly colorful, vibrant and wonderfully rich in history and legends.

The Varanasi Ghats are the most fascinating aspect of tourism in Varanasi that again captivates the visitors. The boat ride across the scared river Ganga marvelously captures the spirit of Varanasi. With plenty of rituals being carried out on the Ghats of river Ganga, the single boat ride is the best aspect to explore Varanasi and its religious Culture. The evening ritual of worship, the Ganga Aarti on the Ghats of river Ganga is the biggest fascination of Kashi. People from far away visit Varanasi just for the sake of attending the main evening Ganga Aarti.

Being the original hub of art, culture spirituality and music, Varanasi has been the land to many prominent saints, philosophers, poets, writers and musicians. Known for its fine quality silk, ‘Paan’ and Benares Hindu University which was founded by the great nationalist leader, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya in 1916 in the association with Dr. Annie Besant, who viewed it as the University of India.

Being home to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple which one of the twelve Jyotir Lingas of Lord Shiva holds a grand spiritual historic significance of the past. Mahabodhi Temple that marks the legendary Bodhi Tree under which Buddha preached his first sermon post his Enlightment is of great significance as it was the origin point of Buddhism. With plenty of points of interest in Varanasi, this holy city is must explore destination of India.

varanasi Aarati

Accessibility to Varanasi: Varanasi, as it a much known tourist location, it houses the well maintained domestic airport and the wide network of railways and road makes the reach to Varanasi with no difficulties.

Best time to visit: The suggested time period to uncover Varanasi is September to May. While its recommended not to travel in Varanasi in the monsoon season because of the heavy flow of water in river Ganga.

Hotels in Varanasi: Since Varanasi is a major tourist hub; it houses the well maintained and luxurious hotels that suit the budget of all.


Top Attractions of Varanasi

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The famous Temples

Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the only Jyotir Linga


Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the only Jyotir Linga

Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this glorified temple is one the twelve Jyotirlingas and is also referred to in the Holy Scriptures. Located in the heart of Varanasi, it is the biggest fascination of visitors and the core of faiths for millions of Hindus. Situated in the banks of river Ganga, it captivates up to 3,000 devotees everyday with more than one lakh on occasions.



Tulsi Manas Temple


Tulsi Manas Temple

Made up of white marble in 1964, it is located nearby the famous Durga Temple. Dedicated to Lord Rama, this beautiful temple is famous as the Hindi version of Ramayana; Ram Charit Manas was written here. With the alluring gardens, the walls of this modern, marble, Shikara-style temple are engraved with verses and scenes from the Ram Charit Manas, the Hindi Version of Ramayana.



Durga Temple


Durga Temple

Constructed by a Bengali Maharani in 18th century, this famous temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga. The belief that attracts its devotees is that the Goddess appeared herself in the form of a statue and she is still there in the inner sanctum. Built in North Indian Style of Architecture, it is stained in red and ochre with multi-tired spires. Known for its fine architecture and stone work, the temple houses a pond known as the Durga Kund.


The Popular Forts and Museums of Varanasi are

Ramnagar Fort and Museum


The hereditary home to the Maharaja of Banaras, Maharaja Balwant Singh, was constructed in the style of fort-palace in 18th century. This red sandstone built fort stands opposite to the bank of river Ganga and houses a temple and a museum within the fort.

Ramnagar Fort and Museum

With a royal collection of vintage cars, Royal palkies, an armory of swords and old guns, ivory work and antiquities stands the museum which has an great captivation for its travelers. The fort also houses a giant clock that displays the year, month, week, day and also the facts about the sun, moon and constellation of stars. With plenty to be explored stands this mesmerizing fort of Ramnagar.



Alamgir Mosque


Alamgir Mosque

With a perfect blend of Hindu and Mughal Style of Architecture, this beautiful architectural marvel, Alamgir Mosque was established by Aurangzeb and is also known as the Beni Madhav ka Darera. The only mosque that oversees the Panchganga Ghat.



Sarnath


Sarnath

Sarnath is a location very much famous amongst Buddhist Pilgrims in India. It is believed that post Buddha received his Enlightment at Bodhgaya; he went to Sarnath and preached his first sermon here. The Dhamekh Stupa and Monastery Ruins, the Archeological museum, the Chaukhandi Stupa, the Ashoka Pillar, the Mulagandha Kuti Vihar and the Chinese Thai Temple and Monastery.


Famous attraction: Benares Hindu University


 Benares Hindu University

The prime attraction of Varanasi, Benares Hindu University is considered to one of the largest universities of the World. Founded by Pandit Mohan Malviya in 1916 is one the few institutions of the country which can sense the wind of change in its culture. For the history lovers it is a must visit place. Yet one must visit it to explore the age-old traditions of learning and spirituality.


Famous Ghats of Varanasi

Assi Ghat


Assi Ghat

Situated around the extreme southern end, this Ghat does not retain much of crowd but is very much crucial as here river Ganga meets river Assi.



Chet Singh Ghat


Chet Singh Ghat

With a bit of historic significance, this Ghat was built by Maharaja Chet Singh, who was the former ruler of Varanasi in 8th Century.



Darbhanga Ghat


Darbhanga Ghat

Built in the early 1900’s by the royal family of Bihar is the most alluring ghat of Varanasi. Initially it was a palace and later converted into a ghat, this ghat is the favorite one of the photogenic people because of it visual appeal and architecture.



Dasaswmedh Ghat


Dasaswmedh Ghat

The heart of action and the most loved attraction of Varanasi is the Dasaswmedh Ghat. This is the ghat where the most crucial Ganga Aarti is carried off every evening. With major devotees all around this ghat, it is the most crowded, oldest and holiest ghat of the city.



Man Mandir Ghat


Man Mandir Ghat

With its notable Rajput architecture, this is another oldest ghat of Varanasi. Built by Rajput maharaja Man Singh of Jaipur in 1600, the later addition was the observatory that was constructed by Sawai Jai Singh II in 1730.



Scindhia Ghat


Scindhia Ghat

With the partially submerged Shiva Temple at the water’s edge, stands the most picturesque Ghat of Varanasi.



Bonsale Ghat


Bonsale Ghat

Built in 1780 by Maratha King Bonsale of Nagpur, Bonsale Ghat is a substantial stone architectural marvel with small artistic windows at the top and three heritage temples namely Yameshwar Temple, Laxminarayan Temple and Yamaditya Temple.



Manikaran Ghat


Manikaran Ghat

The most auspicious cremated place, Manikaran Ghat is one of the famous attractions of Varanasi. Popularly known as the Burning Ghat, this is the place where most of the dead bodies are cremated.
With some major attractions, one can go for Varanasi Sightseeing Tour, Varanasi Shopping Tour and can buy some fine silk products.



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