about ranthambore

About Ranthambore

Wilderness of the Ranthambore National Park is what attracts the tourists to flock around this majestic area located in the heart of the state of Rajasthan. With the sun beating down on the forests of Ranthambore and the big cats lurking in the yellow shrubs of the landscape, Ranthambore is one place where adventure comes easy. One cannot stop but delve deep to know more about Ranthambore and its history, which is shrouded behind the curtains. Have a look:

Inception :-

Located in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan, this national park gets its name from the famous Ranthambore Fort, located within the territory of the park and was built by the Rajputana Kingdom, the Chauhans in particular. The Ranthambore national park, when it was established in 1955 was christened with the name ‘Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary’ by the Government of India. As the importance of the area grew with time, it was declared as one of the areas which would come under Tiger Reserve with the beginning of ‘Project Tiger’ in the country in 1973.

history of ranthambore

Then in 1980, it was given the status of National park and as it is known today, was called as – The Ranthambore National Park. With the ever growing success of the Project Tiger and the proficient management of the park, the adjacent forest areas of the park were also declared as protected and were given the name of Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi sanctuary. After this landmark, the Ranthambore National park acquired its present stature in 1991 with the inclusion of the two surrounding sanctuaries. Home to the majestic Big Cats, Ranthambore now stands tall in all its opulence, carving its niche and making a mark homing within itself a UNESCO World heritage Site (The Ranthambore Fort), staying as the best adventure location of India and all over the world.

Wildlife Diversity of Ranthambore

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The National Park of Ranthambore is famously known for its huge population of Tigers and Lions, and these are the two animals which are the reason that tourist come to the National Park. But being a national park and one of the ecological hotspot of India, it is home to plethora of wildlife, flora, and fauna and has an even bigger population of reptiles.


The favorable climate and vegetation abundance in Ranthambore national park gives a perfect environment for various types of animals and reptiles to exist in the park. The plethora of animals which find their home within the territories of the park are Tiger, the king of the kingdom and a majestic animal in itself, is one of the Big Cats that are spotted in the area. Other Kinds of cats that are found here include leopard, caracal, leopard cat, fishing cat, and Jungle cat. This is not it. Apart from the Big Cats, there are a large number of predators lurking in the Ranthambore, including the sloth bear, striped hyena, jackal desert fox, Palm civet, common mongoose, crocodile and python etc. The park is home to two kinds of antelopes– the Chital and Sambhar deer. Other animals which are worth mentioning are the graceful Elephants and crocodile basking in the glory of the sun. The serpent eagles soaring in the skies of the park are a treat to watch. In fact, the park houses numerous avifauna within it and thus becomes a place of heaven for bird-watchers and ornithologists. Estimates suggest that there are around 300 species of birds that are found in the areas covered by the park. Some of the species of birds which are worth mentioning are cormorant, painted spur fowl, sarus crane, Bronzed winged Jacana, sandpiper, Kingfisher, Nightjar, Painted Sandgrouse, Great horned owl and the birds which migrate to come here in the winter as their nesting grounds.


With the proximity to Thar Desert the vegetation type in Ranthambore is of dry deciduous type. As it is suggested there are about 300 plant species present in the Ranthambore national Park. The most prominent amongst them is the ‘Dhok’ trees which cover almost 80% of the park and are favorite diet of the Deer, Nilgai and antelopes roaming around the park. Also, the banyan tree, pipal, the neem tree, mango tree, tamarind tree, jamun tree and the Chhila tree constitute a major part of the park.

Delving Deep : The Ranthambore National park

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The government of India, in order to promote tourism and to make excursion in the wilderness of the park easy, has divided the Ranthambore national Park in 10 zones. These 10 zones work as the demarcation line of areas covered by different tigers and other animals. Have a look:

Zone 1:

Safaris enter this zone through the Singh Dwar and it serves as a common land (a buffer area) for two of the famous tigers of the park the – T39 and the T57. Noor(T39), has returned to the zone and thus the zone has become quite famous amongst the tourists. Places where you can spot tigers in this zone are Tuti ka Nala, Amreshwar Dang, Sultanpur, Peela pani and Gada Dub.

Zone 2:

This zone is not only famous for sightseeing of tigers but leopards are also spotted here. The tigers which are spotted here include T19, T22, T72, T57, T28, T60 and T39. The places where you can spot tigers in this area include the Jogi Mahal, Phuta kot, Phuta bandha, Lahpur Tiraha and nal ghati.

Zone 3:

The tigers T19 and T28 are spotted in this zone. Important locations include the Jogi Mahal, Padam Talab, High Point, Raj Bagh and Mandook. It is these locations where you can find the Big Cats.

Zone 4:

This is the home of a very famous tigress called Machli. Others include the T28, T64, T19, T75, T41 and T25. Sightseeing points include the Singhdwar, Anatpur, Jokha, Dhakda, Kachida, Bagcha and Bakola.

Zone 5:

The big cats that are spotted here are the T25, T28, T17, T74, and T75. The entry to this zone is same as the zone 4 and thus there are common spots in these two regions where tigers can be spotted.
The ZONES 6-10, were added later in the area of the park as with time the population of tigers grew. Entries to these zones are through the old city.

Zone 6 (Kundal):

Spot tigers like the T34, T39, T57 and T8. This zone shares its boundary with the Zone 1 and you can spot the Tigress Noor here along with her cubs. Stand a chance to spot the Indian gazelle here. Important spots include: Kala Pani, Saran ka Pattha, Patwa ki Baori and Soleshwar.

Zone 7 (Chidiko):

There is a rare possibility to spot tigers in this region. You can spot the T8 and T34 here. Important locations include the Jamoda, Kushalipura, Rajbagh naka and the Chidiko.

Zone 8 (Balas) :

The important spots of the zone include the Balas, kherai, Kali, Neemli Dang and Bhat. The tiger that you can spot here are T8 and T34.

Zone 9 (Kuwal Ji) :

Situated at the banks of Chital river this zone is located on the outskirts of the park. You can spot T42 and T59 here. Spot Caracals, Sloth Bears and aquatic bird in this region.

Zone 10 (Antri) :

The tigers that you can spot here include T13, T42 and T43. You can also spot various exotic species of birds here. Locations include: Antri, Kushalipura, Bodal, halonda and Banskhori.


The Ranthambore National park comes under many big conservation projects such as the Project Tiger, Project Elephant, Crocodile Conservation project and the UNDP Sea Turtle Project. Not only these acts, but the Government of India has also taken various conservation efforts to prevent poaching and illegal hunting in Ranthambore National Park. Apart from various efforts to increase the population of tigers in the park, there have been measures which also save the aquatic life of the national park, such as the Wetland rules of 2010. The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau was also established in the park. Various research bodies such as Wildlife Institute of India, Bombay Natural history society and Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology were also established.
With the onset of Project tiger, the number of tigers in the park has now increased tremendously. In the beginning months of 2005, there were only 26 tigers living within the area coming under the park, which was lower than the last recorded population in 1982. With the constant efforts of the local officials in the national park the number increased to 34 adult tigers and 14 cubs, which was considered a major victory against illegal hunting. The villagers around the area were given incentives to stay out of the park and various cameras for surveillance purpose were installed throughout the park. All these efforts tremendously helped in preventing poaching and the park was able to participate in the Sariska Tiger Reserve Relocation program.


Machli : The Ferocious Tigress

The tigress also called as the “Lady of the Lake” has earned many titles during her lifetime and among those the most famous was the tag that she was the most photographed tigress of the National Park. She has been a part of various documentaries, short films and journals related to the life of the Big Cats. She received titles such as the ‘Tigress queen of Ranthambore’, ‘Lady of lakes’ and the ‘Crocodile Killer’, because of her famous fight with a 14 foot long crocodile, during her lifetime. Machli has won the ‘Life time achievement Award’ for her contribution in conservation and tourist attraction in the Ranthambore national park. Indian government has released a postal cover in the memory of Machli, who was 20 years old when she died; making her the world’s oldest surviving tiger.

Satara: The Friendly Tigress

As ferocious as her Mother Machli, Satara too was a dominant litter from the very beginning. She started exploring her own territory while her other sisters stayed with their mother from a very early age. After 2 years of her birth in 2016, she had marked her territory and still used to visit her family in spite of being able to hunt without any help. She gradually managed to take all the territories that were under her mother before and since then she has been controlling the area for over three years now. The most interesting fact about the tigress is that she is not afraid of jeeps and tourist travelling in her area. She knows how to make tourists comfortable while roaming around. Satara is now a proud mother of three cubs.

Dollar : A Proud Father

The famous tiger of Ranthambore who has a loving story of fathering his cubs, contrary to the behavior of male tigers was once called Zalim, for he barely enjoyed the appearance of humans in his territory and used to chase the vehicles out of range if he was not in the mood to entertain them. This tiger had marked his territory with the ferocity he unleashed when he was around other male tigers. But now this growling tiger has changed his behavior to the opposite as he is fathering his two female cubs when their mother died due to illness. He is seen protecting them and taking care of the cubs like a mother. The cubs in response to his love and care closely follow him as his shadow. This behavior by Dollar is quite contrary to the belief that male tigers don’t take the responsibility of their kids, is the source of amazement to many.

Attractions Within The Ranthambore National Park

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Ranthambore Fort

The Ranthambore Fort built in 944 was initially called the Ranath Bhawar Ghar which means, “a place of Rajput Warriors” is a place around which the history of Sawai Madhopur Revolves. Nestled around the great Vindhyas and the Aravali range, the Fort is a UNESCO World heritage site.

Jogi Mahal

This fort is one of the most famous spot in the Ranthambore national park and is a must see hotspot. This fort which is located in the vicinity of the national park provides tourist with amazing facilities that makes their journey easy and comfortable.

Kachida Valley

The valley is a picturesque location within the territory of the park. This valley becomes a must visit site because there is an increased chances of spotting panthers here. You can also spot Sloth Bears in this locale.

Tourism Aspects at Ranthambore

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Getting Here :-

By Air

The nearest airport that would connect to Ranthambore National Park is Sanganer Airport in Jaipur. The distance between Jaipur and Ranthambore is approximately 180Kms and is easily motorable. With regular availability of flights here, one can easily reach the metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore. Taxis are available from the airport to reach Ranthambore.

By Train

The railway station which is used to connect the Ranthambore National Park to other cities is the Sawai Madhopur railway station, which is at a distance of 10Kms connected well by a motorable road from the park. You can take a bus, taxi or cab to reach Ranthambore easily.

By Road

The national park is well connected by roads by various private buses and taxis through numerous highways such as the NH8 and NH 11A (Delhi to Ranthambore) which take approximately 6 hours. Other Highways include the NH76 and NH8, which connect Ranthambore to major cities like Mumbai, Jaipur and Delhi.

Climate And Best Time To Visit Ranthambore

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With three well defined seasons – the summers, the winters and the monsoons, traversing through the Ranthambore is a little difficult as the maximum temperature surpasses 45°C in the months of May and June and in winters it drops down to 10°C. Thus to visit the national park it is necessary to work out a middle path. The best time to visit the Ranthambore National Park starts from 1st October and remains until 30th June. The rest of the time period the park remains closed as no visitors are allowed within the park.


As mentioned before, summers in Ranthambore are quite harsh, as you will witness the sun battering upon you day after day, especially in the months of May and June. Wear as light clothes as possible in summers and take along sun screens, sun glasses and caps to protect yourself from the sun. The winters are opposite with temperatures as low as 10°C, take along proper clothes to protect yourself. Morning and nights are chilly in Ranthambore so take a light sweatshirt along.


The city of Agra

The city of Love known for the Wonder of The World – The Taj Mahal is located at a distance of 275kms, which is at a drive of 6hours via NH23 from Ranthambore. The city shares the glory of the Mughal Empire and not even Delhi can surpass the effect that Agra and its monuments have on the visitors. The Taj Mahal, built by Shahjahan in the fond memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz, is a testimony in the history of India that true love never dies. The Agra Fort, built in red sandstone is another magnificent structure in Agra which was built by Akbar and took 8 years to complete. The tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula commissioned by Nurjahan is also amongst the tourist hotspots in Agra.


The wetland was artificially created by the Maharaja of Bharatpur and the place is as old as the 19th century and in 1981 attained the status of a national park. It is at a distance of 227Kms, which is a drive of about 5 hours via NH21 from the Ranthambore National Park. The Bharatpur Bird sanctuary is home to over 300 species of birds and is the most sought after place by travel enthusiasts and ornithologists. Tourists also enjoy boat ride in the early hours of the morning in this sanctuary. One of the famous phenomenons in the sanctuary is the migratory Siberian cranes which come to this sanctuary every year. Apart from the sanctuary one can also visit the Lohagarh Fort, the Government Museum and the Deeg palace.


Jaipur situated at a distance of 3 hours from the Ranthambore National park is one of the most historical cities of India. Having the sobriquet of the Pink City, Jaipur is famous for its forts and palaces. The Amer fort located on a hilltop is a structure adorned with grand gateways, courtyards, pavilions and the chamber of mirrors. Another important fort the Hawa Mahal famous for its Jharokhas or small windows is also called the Palace of Winds. The architecture of the fort allows it to stay cool even in harsh summers when the temperature outside is very high. One can also visit the Jal Mahal, a palace situated in the middle of a lake, and thus an archeological wonder. The Jantar Mantar and the city palace are also amongst the ‘must visits’ of the place

Ranthambore National Park (India) Map

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