Also called the City of Gates – Aurangabad is a city in the Indian state of Maharashtra was recently declared as the ‘tourist hub’ of the state. The city completed 400 years of its existence in 2010 and is still counting. With a booming industrial background, Aurangabad is one of those cities in India in which a travel enthusiast would lose himself. A city with a heritage of 400 years is bound to have some marks of history and culture upon it – and Aurangabad knows how to flaunt all of it. Aurangabad the 4th largest and smartest city in Maharashtra has been given the title of Tourism Capital of the state.
At the time of its inception the city was called ‘Khadki’ and was just a village which shot to fame when it became the capital city by Malik Amber, who at that time was working under the patronage of Murtaza Nizam, the Shah of Ahmednagar. The city after a decade became one of the prominent cities of the kingdom under Murtaza. When Malik Amber died in 1626 the throne was succeeded by his son Fateh Khan and the city of Khadki was given the name of Fatehnagar. As the Mughals entered India and captured Daulatabad, the city along with all the Nizami possessions came under the rule of the Mughal dynasty. The beginning of 1653 marked one other landmark event in the history of Aurangabad. The Mughal ruler Aurangzeb was chosen as the viceroy of Deccan (he was given this title for the second time) the city was again renamed and from now on was called Aurangabad – as it is known today. The ‘Aurang’ city which literally translates as ‘Built by the Throne’ is also referred to as Khujista Bunyad by some of the chroniclers of the time of Aurangzeb.
As the power of Mughals started diminishing in the year of 1724, Asif jah, who was a Turk working as the general and Nizam-al-Mulk of the Mughals in the Deccan, decided to establish his own dynasty and made Aurangabad his capital. Then as the capital shifted, the city came under the rule of the Marathas in 1795 as they won the battle of Kharda. The Marathas ruled here for eight years in the city and then it again fell into the hands of the Nizams of Hyderabad. With the excursion of British within the territory of India, the Nizams shook hands with the British power and then fought the Second Anglo-Maratha war, in which the British side won.The last phase of the historic ups and downs within the city came to an end as the city was annexed as the part of Union of India from the princely state of Hyderabad.
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